Odyssey Program Highlights

Hanscom-Based Programs Portfolio

The Hanscom-Based Program’s portfolio consists of four main contract efforts with over 250 professionals that run the gamut of Acquisition life cycle support roles, from cradle to grave. The portfolio is spread across Hanscom AFB, MA, Peterson AFB, CO, San Antonio, TX, Huntsville, AL, Malmstrom AFB, MO, Taipei, Taiwan and soon to be Ramstein, Germany.

HBQ (EPASS) Hanscom AFB, MA and Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs CO
The Strategic Warning and Surveillance Systems Division (AFLCMC/HBQ) reports to the Air Force Program Executive Office for Battle Management (AFPEO/HB), which has the collective Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) mission responsibility to manage and execute the modernization, development, testing, production, fielding, and sustainment of the Battle Management portfolio, which includes over 130 programs for the United States Air Force (USAF) and foreign allies.

The phases include: Concept and Technology Development, System Development and Demonstration, Production and Deployment, and Operations and Support. Odyssey Cybersecurity personnel supporting HBQ EPASS were instrumental to a Windows Technical Refresh DO phase 1 completion. This effort ensured proper security requirements scoping and subsequent requirements validation to meet a PEO Digital critical event(s) schedule as related to effort to mature the cybersecurity protections of the Information Technology portfolio.

A quote from the HBQ Senior Materiel Leader: “The Critical Event completed 117 days early due to the hard-work, coordination and teamwork from the Program Office. In total, the team developed a plan to implement Virtual Desktop Interface (VDI) throughout the CCIC2S system, deployed more than 400 Thin Clients to replace the aging workstations, and over 50 servers at 3 different locations. The deployment took under five months to complete and required detailed communication with both STRATCOM and NORAD.”

With the completion of Phase 1 the ground work is in place for agile DevSecOps for the organization.

CYBER SUPPORT – Space Fence, Hanscom AFB, MA and Huntsville, AL
The team contributed in Space Fence achieving Army ATCs for the same duration of the AFSPC ATO. Without these, Space Fence would not have been able to enter Operational Test. The team also secured a Cyber Security Service Provider (CSSP). CSSP integration is a firm entry criterion to Operational Test Adversarial Assessment (AA) as it allows external cyber experts to stress Space Fence defense while monitoring the results.

GROUND BASED RADARS TEST SUPPORT – Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs, CO
The Government successfully received multi-year USSTRATCOM High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) Certification for the Perimeter Acquisition Radar Attack Characterization System (PARCS) radar. This included:

  • HEMP System Upgrades
  • Updated power and signal filter installations
  • Additional protection to external cooling towers
  • Updated emergency power disconnect components
  • Improved entry and exit HEMP rated doors and HEMP verification testing

The test team collected extensive data on shielding effectiveness and current coupling measurement during two independent testing phases. USSTRATCOM Final Certification resulted in a final report and briefing to USSTRATCOM NC3 Enterprise Center, and the extensive data collected at Cavalier AFS allowed USSTRATCOM to precisely evaluate current HEMP status and enabled an extended certification timeline.

AGILE PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION – Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs, CO
Feedback from the HBQ Government customer regarding Mike Russel’s (Odyssey employee) in depth knowledge and presentation: “really well done with making a deep subject interesting, relevant, and with the perfect analogies…I haven’t been in many meetings where the briefer received applause afterwards as your briefing did today.”

USAFE-AFAFRICA—Ramstein, Germany and CONUS Support
On 30 September 2019 Odyssey was awarded an Advisory and Assistance (A&AS) Contract For U.S. Air Forces In Europe—Air Forces In Africa (USAFE-AFAFRICA) to support the Plans, Programs, And Analysis Directorate. This four-year task order will provide acquisition management and technical support services to USAFE-AFAFRICA, to include a number of mission partners, USAFE A8, Polygone and Warrior Prep Center to start. Odyssey’s efforts will augment organic capabilities and will include a broad range of professional acquisition, financial, and administrative capabilities to support effective and responsive management of the USAFE-AFAFRICA mission areas. As of February 2019, we have our first hires on board, and the Government’s requirements continue to grow and evolve with great momentum under their newly stood up A8 program management office.

EPASS

EPASS provides evolving engineering, management and analytical solutions to AFLCMC/HBQ. We augment the AFLCMC/HBQ’s organic capabilities (military and civil service) with Advisory and Assistance Services (A&AS) support. EPASS performs work that is an integral part of the sustaining and modernizing the HBQ-supported systems through research & development and sustaining engineering to develop new products and processes, and upgrade/modernize capabilities to meet HBQ mission requirements.

F-15 Program Support

Air Force Life Cycle Management Center (AFLCMC)
Wright-Patterson AFB OH and Warner-Robins AFB, GA

F-15
What’s up with the F-15? A LOT!
It’s an exciting time to be with Odyssey supporting the F-15 Division. Odyssey currently provides multi-functional support to the F-15 that includes program management, engineering, logistics, finance, test & evaluation, security, configuration management, and administrative support. Odyssey assists in the development of major modifications to the USAF F-15 aircraft and supports all the FMS F-15 aircraft.

USAF F-15 Support
The Radar Modernization Program (RMP) is replacing legacy F-15 radar systems with state-of-the-art Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radars, improving both air-to-air and air-to-ground capabilities. The integration of the Advanced Display Core Processor (ADCP) II into the F-15 aircraft significantly improves F-15 mission processing capabilities required to support future upgrades.

  • Also under development is the next-generation Electronic Warfare System called Eagle Passive/Active Warning Survivability Systems (EPAWSS). EPAWSS will offer fully integrated radar warning, geo-location, situational awareness, and self-protection solutions to detect and defeat surface and airborne threats in signal-dense contested and highly contested environments.
  • Additional aircraft enhancements include an Infrared Search and Track Capability (IRST) and Service Life-Extension Program (SLEP) for the Longerons. IRST employs passive technologies to locate aircraft without using radar which assists in not highlight the location of the aircraft in mid-air. The Longeron Program replaces 14 primary tension members of the forward fuselage and will extend the F-15C and F-15E fleet service life past 2030.
  • We are also supporting the emerging program to procure new F-15s for the Air Force—the F-15EX. This aircraft is a cost-effective solution to the USAF’s aging aircraft challenge while adding new capabilities for the warfighter including fly-by-wire flight controls, advanced cockpit controls, EPAWSS, IRST, ADCP II, and RMP.

F-15 Foreign Military Sales
Odyssey is currently supporting the Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) F-15 fleet (both F-15S and F-15SA) and the Qatar Emiri Air Force F-15QA currently in development. These aircraft include upgrades for increased stores capacity, IRST, and an upgraded digital electronic warfare suite. Odyssey also supports F-15 partner nations including Japan, Israel, South Korea, and Singapore in the sustainment and modernization of their F-15 fleet.

Armament

The Odyssey Team supporting the Armament Directorate and Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center missions continued provided the highest level of support to our multiple teammates. Highlights of our successes follow.

  • With the enabling expertise of Odyssey personnel, two Hypersonic rapid prototyping programs, Air launched Rapid Response Weapon (ARRW) and Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon (HCSW), successfully completed Critical Design Review (CDR), leading the DoD’s Hypersonic Weapon Enterprise in developing and delivering hypersonic capability by 2022. Odyssey expertise also supported successful Arena Test of the Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon warhead at Eglin AFB, the results and lethality analyses of which will be used by the hypersonic enterprise to advance warhead development for the Army, Navy and Missile Defense Agency.
  • Odyssey Systems Team Members directly supported visits to the Long Range Stand-Off (LRSO) System Program Office (SPO) by several senior military leaders, including: Gen Timothy Ray, Commander of Air Force Global Strike Command; Gen Arnold Bunch Commander of Air Force Materiel Command; and, Major General Shaun Morris, Commander or Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center and Air Force Program Executive Officer for Nuclear Weapons. Odyssey personnel demonstrated the capabilities delivered by the LRSO Prime Contractors, along with locally developed tools to support Technology Maturation and Risk Reduction efforts that are delivering our next nuclear-armed cruise missile.
  • With the critically enabling expertise of Odyssey personnel, the Small Diameter Bomb II program completed all requirements for Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (Phase 1 (Dec 19)) and F-15E Required Assets Available (Jan 20) and received the final Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Command Report (Mar 20). Based on that report, the program office is preparing a fielding recommendation for Air Combat Command. Weapon fielding is anticipated during the Summer of 2020.
  • In support of the B61-12 Tail Kit Assembly, Odyssey personnel were key contributors as the program powered through a highly demanding IOT&E schedule. The program completed all planned missions, accomplishing all 15 weapon releases in only 74 calendar days. Additionally, Odyssey expertise enabled a production proposal technical evaluation that reduced the bid price by $25 million allowing procurement of an additional 60 tail-kit assemblies.

Staff & Functionals

EPASS 42 AFLCMC Staff Crosscutter
Our Odyssey team supporting the EAPSS 42 Air Force Life Cycle Management Center (ALCMC) Staff Contractor (Crosscutter) task order provides engineering/integration/test, program management, contracting, civil engineering, business process re-engineering, and information technology support to several AFLCMC organizations, including:

  • Commander’s Action Group (AFLCMC/CCX)
  • Contracting Directorate (AFLCMC/PK)
  • Intelligence Directorate (AFLCMC/IN)
  • 88th Air Base Wing (88 ABW)
  • National Guard Bureau (NGB)

Under this task order Odyssey provided engineering support for the NGB C-130 program Test Summit at Eglin AFB, FL and the ANG/AFRC Crosstell conference in Tucson, AZ; engineering support for the installation of the RTCA on the LC-130, supported quality assurance efforts on the 2020 ANG Modernization Book; worked with USAF A4 logistics and A8 budgeting staff to schedule and balance the C-130 aircraft arriving into the inventory, the retirement of the older aircraft, and modernization efforts detailed in the C-130H fleet management plan. We also drafted a C-130H modernizations status paper for the Chief of the National Guard Bureau testimony before Congress.

In support of the NGB MQ-9 program, Odyssey assisted in getting the MQ-9 Prime contractor on subcontract with Northrup Grumman in order to provide pod integration for the Savanna Sentry demonstration in May 2020; monitored Miniature Invertor Hellfire testing to determine MIL-STD-1760 compliance of the production prototype; and provided technical and engineering expertise for the REAP2 Technical Interchange Meeting (TIM) in Poway, CA.

In the last four months AFLCMC/CCX Odyssey program managers have processed over 300 Senior Officer Communication and Coordination Electronic Resource (SOCCER) and Congressional Requests for Information; provided talking points for a senior leader lunch meeting with Ohio Governor Mike DeWine; coordinated and conducted orientation tours for Ohio US Senator Portman and Ohio US Representatives Davidson and Brown; and represented AFLCMC at the University of Dayton Government Affairs Reception, the Dayton Area Chamber of Commerce Government Affairs Reception at the Ohio Statehouse, and the Dayton Business Journal Event for Women.

In the same four-month period our Odyssey ConWrite Trainer/Analyst developed and conducted over 19 separate contracting systems and procedures training classes for over 90 attendees from across the Air Force. Odyssey provided professional civil engineering support for the ALCM Green Energy Plan, numerous Air Force Museum projects, and conducted annual “space validation” surveys to confirm existing building uses, number of people occupying the space in the building, number of work stations in the building space, room numbers, configuration of space (has it changed or been remodeled) and if the use category of the space has changed.

Odyssey provided the AFLCMC/IN with information technology engineering support for the Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System (JWICS), a Top Secret/SCI network run by the United States’ Defense Intelligence Agency through:

  • Updates and compliance certifications including writing over 30 new automaton scripts and updating of shared drives on the network
  • Desktop support to ACLCMC and Air Combat Command (ACC) staff
  • Set up of numerous new file servers providing new networking switches for increased network utilization
  • Establishing thorough data backup and recovery plan for the JWICS share drive.

EPASS 44 AFLCMC Functionals
The Odyssey team supporting the EPASS 44 Air Force Life Cycle Management Center (AFLCMC) Functionals task order provides engineering, professional, and administrative support services to the AFLCMC Engineering Directorate (AFLCMC/EN-EZ), Propulsion Directorate (AFLCMC/LP), and the Directorate of Logistics, Civil Engineering and Force Protection, Systems Integration Division AFMC/A4N.

In support of the AFLCMC Weapon Engineering Division (AFLCMC/EZW) the Odyssey team:

  • Coordinated, initiated, and documented quarterly functional tests to validate the operational status of Secure Room alarm panels—tests that are critical to verifying and maintaining all facility intrusion detection system hardware and software components fully capable of transmitting proper facility alarm codes in a timely manner
  • Provided security assistance to GSA Security Container custodians in preparation for the Dec 2019 AFLCMC EBO Security Review
  • Performed secure room monthly “above ceiling” inspections mandated by the Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) IS-02.02.01 and DODM 5200.01 Vol 3, verifying there were no surreptitious attempts to penetrate division owned classified processing spaces; also conducted random Protected Distribution System (PDS) Technical Inspection (TI) required by the AFLCMC/EZW PDS Plan
  • Odyssey also tracked, fixed, and closed multiple VPN, Microsoft Exchange/Outlook connectivity, and Microsoft One Drive account issues across AFLCMC/EZW’s diverse user community.
  • Odyssey updated/maintained the Eglin AFB DEATHSTAR Laboratories at 100% mission capable rate.
  • For AFLCMC/EN-EZV, Odyssey managed a number of important organizational administrative and management systems and processes including the Inspection Tracker, Corporate Boards; Awards packages, Suspense Tracker and SOCCER tasks, Internal Suspense List, Accountability Roster, Staggered Reporting Plan, and attendance at bi-weekly EZV Staff Meeting, weekly Calendar Review meetings, and other reoccurring EZV meetings.
  • In support of AFLCMC/LP Odyssey provided desk top and server maintenance and upgrades, and performed Secure Web-Enabled Electronic Acquisition Program (SWEAP) daily operations tasks.
  • Odyssey provided AFLCMC/EN with property records management and executive administrative support, and AFLCMC/EZV with support during a high profile/high visibility base-wide exercise focused on an “Active Shooter” scenario.
  • Odyssey developed and delivered the active shooter training briefing to organization newcomers as well as a refresher for all EZV personnel and consulted with security and facilities personnel regarding specific procedures for Building 12. Recent changes in personnel required updating all recall rosters, the accountability roster, and Building 12’s floor plans. Odyssey provided real-time support for the organizations Division Chief and Branch Chiefs during the exercise.

JID

Odyssey continues to excel at Link 16 Tactical Datalink training through our longstanding support to the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joint Test Organization (JTO) Interface Training Program Support Joint Interoperability Division (JID).

  • During the first few months of 2020 Odyssey personnel supported Exercise Red Flag 20-1 at Nellis Air Force Base, graduating 8 Joint Interface Course Officer (JICO) and 6 Advanced Joint Interface Control Cell Operator (AJOC) students. Training consisted of live and simulated training environments.
  • Odyssey personnel residing at Pope Army Airfield, NC conducted tactical data link training for 35 Japanese Self Defense Force (JSDF) students in basic link-16 operations, 28 JSDF students in Multi Tactical Data Link Network (MTN) operations in support of US/Combined operations, 38 US aircrew members in two Link 16 Unit Manager Courses, 24 Multi-Link Planners in advanced data link planning courses, and 45 Joint students in Multi Advanced Joint Interoperability Course (MAJIC).
  • When not conducting academic training, our personnel write curriculum courseware in support of Tactical Data Advanced Operations and work to certify JID personnel in a variety of course units.

JTAC

Odyssey’s long-standing support to the Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) community is truly global.

The Odyssey Langley Division, along with lead ADF Fires Officers, developed Joint Fires Australian Currency Tracking Program (JFACTS). The ADF’s JFACTS program is the world’s first Joint Fires Tracker. JFACTS gives ADF commanders a quick and accurate “status of the force” of their JTAC, Joint Fires Observer (JFO) and Target Mensuration Only programs. JFACTS allows commanders to budget training funds, flying hours, training lines and simulator missions. JFACTS ensures ADF commanders only deploy fully qualified operators.

  • This trip’s purpose was twofold: 1) to get the ground truth on how we are supporting the ADF Joint Fires program, and 2: to secure a follow-on contract. We visited their Special Operations units in Perth, the JTAC Center Of Excellence in Newcastle and the JFO Center Of Excellence in Puckapunyal, Australia.
  • Feedback from the ADF is all positive. The ADF Fires Program leaders, and users, enjoy Odyssey’s rapid response time when any issues arise. They state that it’s like we are in Australia year-round. We listen to the operators using the systems, take the input, prioritize the enhancements and roll out a timely finished product.

The future of JFACTS seems to be dialed in for another round of contract continuation. The ADF love that their system, JFACTS, leads the world in Joint Fires tracking and look forward to a continued relationship with Odyssey and the new enhancements we are taking away from this visit.

MIT Lincoln Labs

Odyssey’s technical professionals are engaged in a wide variety of the investigative fields currently being employed at the FFRDC, including but not limited to: Advanced Optical Communications, Satellite Communications Systems, Software/Systems Development, Programming, Multiprocessor Computer Systems, Net-Centric Operations, Satellite Location and Tracking, Laser Systems Technology, Advanced Air Defense Systems, Adaptive Optics, and Decision Support.

  • Odyssey Systems has supported various programs within the Laser and Applications Group (82) at MIT Lincoln Laboratory for the past eight years. The Laser Technology and Applications Group develop and apply laser systems and optics in solutions of defense and other U.S. Government needs. Group 82 is in the business of building, integrating, characterizing, and testing developmental high-power laser systems.
  • Odyssey subject matter experts have been, and currently are responsible for the design, construction, and implementation of testing processes for fiber amplifiers for multiple programs within Group 82. Coherent combining of fiber amplifiers requires units that meet certain optical specifications. These specifications directly impact the combining efficiencies of each individual unit and ultimately impact the overall system performance. Because the power levels need to be high multiple units, Odyssey personnel evaluate them right away. Due to Odyssey experts, the established week-long time it previously took to test units was condensed into a single day.

Space & Training

Odyssey is proud of its consistent work within the Space and Space Training fields. Through our AF and SF capabilities, we are constantly expanding.

MC-LASS

AF Space and Missiles Center (SMC)
Peterson AFB and Schriever AFB CO, Los Angeles AFB CA, and Vandenberg AFB CA

The LASS Cybersecurity Team in Colorado Springs, CO, led by Jeffrey “JR” Keener, has been getting praise from high places for their support of the Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) satellite program and support of U.S. Space Force efforts in Defensive Cybersecurity Operations (DCO). Brigadier General Deanna Burt, USSF/S3/6, has praised their work in a number of recent forums to include the Service wide DCO Conference held in February of this year.

The LASS Team is the sole provider of Cybersecurity support for all Military Satellite Communication (MILSATCOM) programs within the Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC). As such, the LASS Cyber Team represents the customer in all aspects of Cyber operations and certifications to include:

  • Obtaining system Authority to Operate (ATO)
  • Development of Cybersecurity Policies, DCO efforts, analysis, monthly status reports, and fast reaction to Cyber threats.

The outstanding work of the LASS Cyber Team has brought continuous applause from Timothy McIntyre, Director of MILSATOM Operations and Sustainment for SMC.

Missile Warning/Missile Defense (MW/MD)

US Space Force, Colorado Springs CO

The Odyssey Systems Missile Warning/Missile Defense Team supports the US Space Force (USSF) Directorate of Operations and Communications (USSF S3/6) by providing by providing Space Based Environmental Monitoring expertise.

  • This support includes operational oversight of terrestrial weather products, space weather data and products, and specialized imagery from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). The DMSP constellation currently consists of four satellites with Flight 17 (F-17) and F-18 being the two primary satellites that provide direct DoD (USAF/Naval Operations) warfighter support. F-15 and F-16 are secondary satellites supporting DoD tactical support to Direct Readout (DRO) terminals/users located around the globe to support specific Areas of Operations (AORs). The DMSP constellation has been operational for nearly 50 years is estimated to reach operational end-of-life as early as CY24 and will need to be replaced by other SBEM weather satellites.
  • Near-term replacement programs include Weather Satellite Follow-on—Microwave (WSF-M). The WSF-M Program Office anticipates Initial Launch Capability (ILC) in CY23. WSF-M is expected to reach Initial Operational Capability (IOC) in CY24. The satellite is being developed by Ball Aerospace with a five-year design life for the first spacecraft, and an option for a second satellite pending funding. The Electro-Optical/Infrared Weather Satellite (EWS) Program Office has awarded contracts (i.e., CubeSat special sensors) for the spacecraft and sensor suite in CY20 and is expected to reach ILC in CY23 with IOC in CY24/25.
  • The primary Telemetry, Tracking, and Commanding (TT&C) for the WSF-M and EWS satellites will be through a USSF Enterprise Ground Services (EGS)-based Space Operations Center (SOC). WSF-M and EWS satellite mission data will be downlinked to existing USAF and commercial back-up ground sites for distribution to the primary DoD Weather Centers.

The space operational domain provides a unique vantage to observe and characterize the current state of the global natural environment and utilize that information to anticipate operational impacts and exploitation opportunities. In data-sparse and data-denied regions, SBEM may provide the only available source of weather information about the state of the natural environment critical to battlespace awareness and support to the warfighter.

Medical Portfolio

BTNN
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Silver Spring MD

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) are a common and serious occurrence of modern conflict as well as related Penetrating Ballistic-like Brain Injuries (PBBI). Odyssey continues to provide valuable assistance to the Brain Trauma and Neuroprotection Branch at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in conducting preclinical research in TBI and PBBI.

Odyssey scientists and research associates are exploring unique therapies to treat TBIs and PBBIs. The Odyssey team is also conducting research in how various biomarkers found in blood are affected by brain injuries in order to more accurately and expeditiously diagnose these injuries and measure improvements. Odyssey’s contributions over the past six months include:

  • Evaluated the efficacy of early Tranexamic acid (TXA) administration followed by fluid resuscitation after PBBI/polytrauma. TXA is a promising candidate for prehospital resuscitation, targeting the trauma-induced coagulopathy pharmacologically. Early administration of TXA has been advocated for routine use in trauma patients, particularly those requiring massive transfusion. However, patients with TBI/polytrauma may respond differently and questions remain surrounding the effects of TXA in TBI patients. The Odyssey team initiated dosing experimentation at three different doses of TXA following PBBI and polytrauma. Improvements to short term recovery were observed through a modified Bedersons neurological evaluation.
  • Evaluated novel drug delivery approaches for traumatic brain injury by coupling known neuroprotective drugs with nanocarriers that can provide targeted delivery, boost brain penetrance, and improve retention. Evaluated neuron targeting tandem peptide-nanoparticle (TPNP) and proteoglycan targeting CAQK-porous silicon nanoparticle (PSiNP) as drug delivery platforms to enhance the efficacy of neuroprotective drugs.
  • Evaluated Pro-Neuroplasticity Therapies for Functional Improvement Following PBBI. Assessed a combination therapeutic strategy for TBI that targets both acute and delayed neuroplasticity responses. Evaluated Neurotrophic factor (NF) as treatment strategy to enhance neuroplasticity for promoting recovery after PBBI and evaluated a combination of early NF treatment with delayed physical exercise (PE) to improve function after PBBI. Findings show initiation of IGF-1 induced cell survival signaling following intranasal delivery.
  • Evaluated nicotine as a neuroprotective and cognition-enhancing therapeutic following penetrating brain injury. Findings indicate that long-term treatment with nicotine significantly improved memory recall deficit, reduced attention impairment, and improved spatial learning.
  • Evaluated the use of nanoparticles as precision drug delivery vehicle in a militarily relevant PBBI. Coupled known neuroprotective drugs with nanocarriers that can provide targeted delivery, boost brain penetrance, and improve retention. Utilized neuron targeting tandem peptide-nanoparticle (TPNP) and proteoglycan targeting CAQK-porous silicon nanoparticle (PSiNP) as drug delivery platforms to begin assessing the efficacy this treatment.
  • Evaluated MicroRNA alterations in single and repeat concussed brain tissue. The goal is to identify novel biomarkers and to characterize potential therapeutic targets for single and repeat concussion. Findings indicate microRNAs were altered 1.5-fold compared to control groups. Downstream targets of significantly altered microRNAs are involved in learning and memory, mood disorders and dementia.

Do you have ideas or suggestions for content you’d like to see in The Journey?
Please let us know: catherineemond@odysseyconsult.com.